A Newlyn Retrospect
Newlyn Field and Street Names.
the 1930's Charles Henderson the noted Cornish historian carried out some
research into Cornish place and field names. :
The field and street names of to-day also prove interesting.
Bowjey means cow-house and is the name of the piece of common land at the south end of the village, originally given to, and used by the local fishermen for net drying.
winter, and bos, abode.
This is the name given to the land
adjoining the Bowjey and also to the anchorage off shore known as Gwavas Lake,
both land and sea being sheltered from the prevailing southwest winds. It is now
also given to the housing estate at the top of Paul hill and also the old
roadway running from the back of the village to Paul.
tre war veneth. homestead on a hill. This street led from the harbour to a large farm at the top of the hill. The farm is still there.
ox road. [Another possibility is far’
ascen, ass road, with s becoming
j ]. This is part of
Streetanowan, where we naturally look for some mention of oxen. A farm did exist
here, close to Gwavas Quay, and was still standing in 1900 before being turned
into a fish store adjacent to Mary Kelynak’s cottage. In the nineteen
hundreds the fields behind were known as “ Farmer’s Meadows” and. “the
Orchard.” all being links with the past and Newlyn school of artists studios.
Alexander’s field. This is a part of Tolcarne bordering the river,
Chy Wun, house of the Down. The steep hill from Newlyn leading to Sheffield and also to the house at the top of the hill.
lyn redin, fern stitch, this field name now names a row of houses on the right of Chywoone Hill.
recent names perpetuate former port industries and special events.
lane runs from the top of Trewarveneth Street to join Chywoone Hill at the
junction of Tredavoe Lane, and reminds us that an attempt was made at
mining, one shaft being half way up on the left, and another at the bottom of
Tredavoe Lane. The workings were known as Wheal Betsy, But did not prove
the old road running from Gwavas Quay to Newlvn Town, this slip is now at the
rear of the present factory and Co-Salt building. It was named after a local
head master of the Wesleyan
School which was situated at the top of the slip.
site, at the bottom of Trewarveneth Street, was one of the last to see Barrels
being made in Newlyn. The Barrels or hogs makers were an important part of the
fishing industry but with the decline in the Herring industry the industry died.
This one closed in 1904.
This is the site in Streetanowan, between the Fradgan and Jack Lane of another industry that closed down in 1889, about the same time as the Trereife Smelting works at Stable Hobba in Newlyn Coombe. They were engaged in making castings for boat and fireplaces such as the famous Cornish Slab.
This little court, off "The Narrows in Newlyn Town reminds us that severe cholera epidemics stuck Newlyn in the eighteen hundreds. In one in August 1832 over 100 people died six on Paul Feast day. Another was under way when my grandfather Thomas Ellis Vingoe was born in 1873 in which the popular vicar of Newlyn J.P.Vibert was one of the victims. It is not known when the name was given to the court.
When the new road from Penzance was built and the Tolcarne River bridged the authorities decided to continue the road through to the village of Sheffield and beyond. In order to do this a new piece of road would have to be built to join Jack Lane to Chywoone Hill. This would mean the by-passing of Newlyn. When it was also announced that a special rate was to be set to pay for the road it was ironically pointed out that the NEWLYN BUCCAS, which was the nickname given to people from Newlyn, would be paying for people from Penzance and other places to by-pass their town with the loss this would mean in trade. People in Penzance continued to call New Paul Hill Buccas Pass for some years.
given to Newlyn
Newlyn that we know today was originally divided into separate small
communities, which with the passage of time, and the building of bridges and
roads merged into one. When Charles Henderson carried out his research he
came up with the following names for what has now become Newlyn:
Lulyn 1289, 1328, 1368;
Lulyn juxta Talcarn 1321;
Bethkele juxta Lewelyn 1388;
Jacford juxta Lulyu 1289;
Lulyn and Jaghford 1424;
Let us consider these names with reference to the present construction of the port
LULYN, (lew lyn), 1289, 1328, 1321, 1336.
later becams known locally
as Newlyn Town and extended from the Bowjey at the Mousehole end of the town
to North Corner at the bottom of Trewarveneth Street and Gwavas slip.
In Cornish, Lulyn means Fleet Pool
STREETANOWAN, (Stret an Ogten), Date Unknown.
date of origin of this is unknown However, it means "Street of the
Oxen", The area extends from North Corner to the Tolcarne river. Before the
JAGHFORD, (Jay forth, jog way). 1289, 1424.
became known as "Jack Lane" which took over from Old Paul
Hill.as the route to Paul from Tolcarne and Streetanowan. The name "Jack
Lane" has in turn given way to Paul Hill, however Jack Lane seems to refer
to Jaghford, and could indicate the start of the long jog up the hill to Paul.
When I was a child my grandfather used to sit with one leg crossed over the
other with me sitting astride his foot as if I was riding a pony then he
would sing the following song to me whilst bouncing me up and down:
When I was a child my grandfather used to sit with one leg crossed over the other with me sitting astride his foot as if I was riding a pony then he would sing the following song to me whilst bouncing me up and down:
To market to market to buy a fat pig
Home again home again jigity jig.
To market to market to buy a fat hog,
Home again home again jigity jog.
TALCARN, (Tat Cain), brow of the carn. 1321.
This is the present Tolcarne district, and takes its name from the rock pile that is known as the Devil’s Rock. It is on the other side of the river from Streetanowan.
BETHKELE, ( Beth Kel), means hidden Grave 1388
first this seems a little mystifying, but perhaps it has a connection with a
legend that a lancer and his horse were buried in a cave, behind St. Peter’s
Church. This cave is mentioned in Langdon’s Old
Cornish Crosses (1896), page 212, where it is noted that originally- the
cross now on a pillar in the church yard. close to the S.W. of the church, was
dug up on Trereife estate c.1870, and
given by C.D.M. Le Grice Esq., J.P. to the Rev. W. S. Lach-Szyrma, who
fixed it on a rock over a cave situated by the side of the road, not on the
South side of the church, as stated by Langdon, but running along the N.E. side
below the Devil’s Rock. With the development of the land the rock forming the
cave was removed.
These then were the separate areas which today make up the whole of Newlyn. In days gone by and even as late of the last century the people living in the different areas tended to stay in their own communities. This is illustrated in the next piece.
Questions or problems regarding this web site should be directed to the Web master.
e-mail the Morrab Web Master